Zinc mineral is considered an essential nutrient for the human body. Right after iron, zinc is the second most present mineral in traces in our bodies that can be found in almost every cell. The highest values are present in skin, but also in bones and teeth. Also, high concentrations of zinc are found in prostate cells, erythrocytes and muscle cells.
The zinc mineral takes part in multiple chemical reactions in the organism and it is indispensable for the activity of great number of enzymes that participate in metabolism, digestion, nervous and immune system function. It is highly important to note that zinc in necessary for proper growth and development, because it is involved in the process of DNA synthesis and cell division. It affects the normal production of testosterone and fertility of both sexes.
It participates in the construction of cell membranes and the process of collagen synthesis. It contributes to the antioxidant protection of the organism because it is part of the antioxidant enzyme superoxide dismutase. It is necessary for cell regeneration and wound healing. It is also responsible for the proper functioning of the immune system, for the growth and division of T lymphocytes, as well as for signaling between these cells and rapid activation of the immune response. It regulates the intensity of allergic reactions, reduces the release of histamine from mast cells.
The use of certain drugs and alcohol, as well as vitamin D deficiency can lead to decreased absorption of zinc. Zinc deficiency during growing up can lead to stunted growth and developing sexual disorders. In addition, skin changes and hair loss may also occur.
Zinc mineral and its role in the body:
- Normal immune system function
- Proper growth and development
- Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effect
- Normal fertility, reproduction and cell division
- Metabolism and proper functioning of enzymes
- DNA and protein synthesis
- The process of repairing and regenerating damaged cells
Food rich in zinc mineral
- Green beans
Recommended daily intake of zinc minerals:
- 0-4 years 5mg
- Older than 4 years 10mg
Grown – ups:
- Women 8mg
- Men 11mg
- Pregnancy and breastfeeding 13mg